Having a Baby Abroad – Global Differences Series: JAPAN

Having a baby abroad JapanThis week we go to Japan as part of the series of The Global Differences of Baby-Making to hear Erica’s story. She talks about the cultural differences between her native country Canada and her current home, Japan.  A fascinating story about language barriers, keeping small babies inside and never putting socks or shoes on your baby. Here is her story:


Tell me a bit about yourself. Where are your from? How old is your daughter, and where did you have her?
I’m a mother to one-year-old Stella who was born in Japan, a wife to a wonderful Swiss man, a blogger, a freelancer and a trailing spouse. I was born and raised in Ottawa, Canada, but I’ve lived in seven different countries, countless cities, and a few tiny backwaters.

We are currently calling Japan “home”, and dreaming of our next adventure.

Why did you have your daughter abroad?
We had my daughter abroad because I wanted my husband to be present at the birth. He has a demanding job, and so returning to Canada, or Switzerland, or the US for the birth wouldn’t be practical.

As an expectant mother abroad, how did you feel?
Like many expectant mothers, I felt a mix of emotions: I was excited, impatient and thrilled to become a mother. But I was also incredibly anxious about having a baby abroad.

I got pregnant the week we moved to Japan, so in addition to culture shock, homesickness, and pregnancy crazysauce, I had to find and furnishing an apartment, and figure out prenatal care while dealing with a massive language barrier. Hence the anxiety.

I wanted everything to be perfect and I wasted considerable effort worrying that things wouldn’t be done “the right way”. Finally, two weeks before my daughter was due, I decided to just relax and trust the doctors. That was the best thing that I could have done.

My daughter’s birth was not perfect. Medical interventions were made that probably wouldn’t have been had we been in North America and Stella was rushed to the NICU in a different hospital where she stayed for her first four days. Still, I feel really positive about the experience. My doctor was so helpful, the midwives, despite our language barrier were incredibly kind and patient and more than willing to accommodate my strange, foreign wishes.













What do you feel are the benefits of having a child abroad?
There are many. In Asia there it is normal to take a long period of rest after the birth of a child. I stayed in the birth center for five days recovering from a normal, uncomplicated (for me) delivery. Most women stay at least a week. People were shocked that I took my daughter out for a walk seven days after she was born!

Having a child abroad has taught me to be a more flexible parent. I was fairly dogmatic about my attachment parenting crunchy granola beliefs, but circumstances have forced me to compromise on some of these principles. Seeing so many happy, healthy, well adjusted children who are not raised “by the book” tells me that there are as many ways to parent a child as there are children to be parented, and the best thing you can do is relax, do what works in your family and be kind to yourself.

Did you encounter any opinions that would have been different in your home country with regards to your pregnancy or parenting choices?Pre-natal care in Japan is quite different. Doctors are much more paternalistic. One big difference is the recommended weight gain; mothers are only allowed to gain 6-10 KG in pregnancy, and doctors enforce this strictly. Mothers are even put on diets while pregnant! Let’s just say that the doctors were not too impressed with my 20 KG weight gain!

Prenatal care is also more cautious in Japan. For example, even uncomplicated pregnancies get an ultra-sound at each and every OB visit, and Non Stress Tests are administered routinely in the final three or four weeks of pregnancy. Also, I was instructed to come to the birth center as soon as contractions started and not permitted to labour at home.

In some ways, parenting in Japan is very similar to my attachment parenting style. Co-sleeping is the norm here; breastfeeding is encouraged; most mothers give birth without pain medication; and baby wearing is common. In other ways it is quite different; babies are held less, and are allowed to cry longer. Parents are liberal with television and sweets, and I get the feeling that mothers are less uptight about parenting in general.

The Japanese approach to baby sleep is quite different. Babies are put to bed much later, at about 9 PM and it is accepted that babies wake frequently during the night. I once mentioned that I wanted to try to night ween my very wakeful 10 month-old, and the other mothers looked at me like I was a crazy person.

Also, babies never wear shoes. And rarely wear socks. Even in winter. I still don’t know why.

I love observing and cataloging these differences in child rearing. It is so interesting to see that much of the baby rearing wisdom we hold as fact is actually culturally based.


What advice would you give other mothers in your situation?
My best advice is to relax. Find a doctor who most closely shares your approach to prenatal care and birth (you won’t find someone who thinks exactly like you do, but close enough is good enough) and then trust your doctor. Don’t get caught up in the minutia of baby prep, birth plans or small details of baby rearing. Relax an enjoy the process of becoming a parent. You and your baby will be happier for it.


Connect with Erica on her great blog: www.expatriababy.com or on Twitter



Want to share your story? Get in touch: ameena@mummyinprovence.com



11 thoughts on “Having a Baby Abroad – Global Differences Series: JAPAN

  1. Tiffany

    Thank you for sharing! Isnt it amazing how pregnancy, labor, childbirth and childrearing varies throughout the world!?!?

    1. erica @ expatriababy

      It is totally amazing! Actually, it is one of my favorite subjects, I am absolutely fascinated by the differences in childrearing practices. One of the reasons that I love finding out about the myriad of ways to raise babies, is that it reassures me that although the parenting books and grandmothers of the world would have you believe that there is ONE RIGHT WAY, there are actually many ways to rise kids, and kids are much more resilient than you’d think.
      If you’re interested, I wrote about just this subject here:


    2. Ameena Falchetto Post author

      Fascinating isn’t Tiffany?

  2. C

    I, too, am a North American Expat in Asia (American, and in Singapore), and I’m about 6 months pregnant with #2.

    I’ve blogged a bit about my experiences, but the key thing has been persistence in finding an OB whose views were compatible with mine. Singapore is also chock full of paternalistic, pat on the head OB/GYN’s (who I do NOT mesh well with…I’m a very active participant in managing my 2nd high risk diabetic pregnancy, and I’m not interested in letting someone just take over my pregnancy). It took interviewing 5 obs before I found someone…that’s she’s younger, female and also a mom help quite a bit, I find. Male doctors were far more likely to be dismissive and paternalistic.

    It was really interesting to see how the author’s experiences in Japan differ from SG, where they have a far more liberal weight gain policy (in my case, more liberal than my US doctors!).

    1. erica @ expatriababy

      It is interesting C, how in North America medical practices surrounding pregnancy and birth are fairly consistant, while in Asia they differ drastically. In Japan, unmedicated vaginal births are the norm, whereas in China (my previous home before Japan) something close to 80% of births are c-sections or inductions. I find these things so fascinating.
      I’m glad to hear that you found an OB whom you trust and fee comfortable with. I think that is SO important! Yay for baby number 2!

  3. Rachel

    We left China to go back to Australia to have our baby. I was fortunate that at the time, my hubby was studying so taking a semester off wasn’t a big deal. I don’t know what I would have done otherwise because we live in what’s considered a rural city by Chinese standards and c-section is pretty much all they do. One of our friends had her baby here and I was with her for much of it and it was scary. The drugs they gave her for the c-section, knocked her out cold for 12 hours. She couldn’t even remember holding her baby before they rushed the baby off to NICU for four days because the baby was blood type A and the mother was blood Type B — apparently everyone in China is type O so they didn’t know if the baby would die or not being that the blood type was different than the mother’s. That’s the reason they gave for taking the baby to NICU — I’m serious!

  4. nmaha

    This is such a great series.
    The attachment parenting system is very popular in Asia. Although Asian mothers tend to be a lot stricter when it comes to discipline.

    1. C

      Living in Singapore I see a lot of “Asian” parenting (the local population is a mix of ethnically chinese, malaysian, South Indian and expats) and some of it shocks me down to my toes…like the way that I see moms holding babies in cars instead of keeping them in car seats, or the way that children are discouraged from independence in infancy/toddlerhood (people constantly try to pick up my 2 1/2 year old who is extremely vocal about how she’s “not a baby!” and wants to be put back down for example). Especially when I see it compared to how expectations change radically the second they’re in school, and how by middle school, Singaporean kids have way more freedom than their american counterparts.

    2. Ameena Falchetto Post author

      Thanks nmaha … hopefully you’ll take part 🙂

  5. dee

    Having a child abroad isn’t new to me at all. I know some friends that have done this before and it is actually their plan to have their babies abroad. They have their own reasons why they are doing such and i respect it.

  6. Childcare centre in Singapore

    Have you ever thought about writing an ebook or guest authoring on other blogs?
    I have a blog based on the same information you discuss and would love to have
    you share some stories/information. I know my viewers would enjoy your work.
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